Common Causes of Birth Injuries

The United States has one of the world’s most advanced medical care systems. As technology and medicine advance, the rate of birth injuries and birth fatalities has declined, but they have not been eliminated. A birth injury is defined as an injury that occurs to a baby during the birthing process. Birth injuries occur in approximately 6-8 of every 1,000 births. With an average of 11,000 babies born in the U.S. each day, that amounts to anywhere from 24,000 to 32,000 birth injuries every year.

What Causes Birth Injuries?

Birth injuries can be caused in a number of different ways. One common cause is mechanical instruments such as vacuums, scalpels, or forceps. These types of instruments are often used during the delivery process and can lead to lacerations or abrasions if the surgeon does not use proper care. Depending on the size of the laceration or abrasion, the baby could require stitches to close the wound. Additionally, the wound could possible become infected, which can be a severe danger to a young baby with an underdeveloped immune system.

Other Examples of Birth Injuries

There are a number of factors that can contribute to the complexity of the birthing process and the more complex the process, the higher the likelihood of a mistake that leads to a birth injury.

Some other examples of birth injuries include:

  • Bone fractures
  • Laryngeal nerve injuries that lead to vocal cord paralysis
  • Spinal cord injuries caused by excessive rotation of the fetus
  • Internal hemorrhaging
  • Soft tissue injuries

Effects of Birth Injuries

Birth injuries can have serious and life altering effects for both the child and the parents. Depending on the nature and severity of the injury, the baby could require lifelong medical care that can put the family in devastating economic hardship. In addition to the physical challenges from the injury, children who suffered birth injuries often face emotional and cognitive challenges as well.

If your child suffered a brain injury, you should consult with an experienced personal injury lawyer about your legal options. If the hospital or physician acted negligently during the birthing process, they could be held liable for the injury. At Arnold & Itkin, we have helped our clients recover over $1 billion in 5 years. Contact our personal injury lawyers today to learn how we can help you.


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