The United States is home to the largest medical device market in the world. Chances are you or a loved one rely on a medical device to some degree in order to maintain quality of life. To create accountability for medical device producers, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has an approval process designed to check the safety of products. Besides checking if the claims of manufacturers are accurate, the FDA tests products to make sure they are safe and ready for use by consumers.
Often, FDA approval is a sign that a product has been rigorously reviewed and tested for safety. As a result, people assume that an FDA-approved medical device is safe for them to use. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. Sometimes, the FDA’s approval process allows unsafe products to make their way onto store shelves.
How the FDA Classifies Medical Devices
When processing applications for new medical devices, the FDA classifies entries into low risk (Class 1), medium risk (Class 2), and high-risk (Class 3) categories. Class 1 devices are not intended to sustain or support life. Class 2 devices are those that must be safer than Class 1 devices but don’t sustain life. Finally, a Class 3 device receives the most rigorous testing because it is used to support life.
For example, the following devices fall into these categories:
- Class 1: Elastic bandages and hand-held surgical instruments
- Class 2: Powered wheelchairs, catheters, blood pressure cuffs, and infusion pumps
- Class 3: Heart valves, metal-on-metal hip joints, and other implants
The different classes are subjected to varying degrees of trial and study before hitting the market. Certain devices, regardless of class, are approved by the FDA through either pre-market approval (PMA) or 510(k) reviews.
Pre-Market Approval for Medical Devices
The PMA process consists of thorough studies on the device before it hits the market. This route is most often used for new or very-high risk devices and can be quite costly. While more thorough, the pre-market approval process requires resources and something many people don’t have for a much-needed medical device: time.
The 510(k) Approval for Medical Devices
The 510(k) method is much simpler. It requires medical device manufacturers to present evidence that the device is equivalent to an existing device on the market. This approval process is most used for Class 1 and Class 2 devices since they have the lowest risk of causing severe or fatal injuries to users.
Are Testing Requirements from the FDA Enough?
In short, many devices that are deemed low or medium risk gain FDA approval without extensive testing, and the extensive costs of thorough testing on high-risk devices leads many manufacturers to attempt to circumvent the PMA process. This can be detrimental to the unassuming consumer/patient, and require the legal help of a seasoned dangerous medical devices attorney.
Notable FDA Approved Device Recalls
Headline-worthy recalls in the FDA’s past have ranged from a Medtronic defibrillator wire that was not tested in a clinical trial to faulty pelvic mesh devices that severely decreased the quality of life for thousands of women. Many cases are made worse by the fact that the devices cannot be removed without serious risk, as seen in the case of pelvic mesh implants and a metal-on-metal hip implant that leaked toxic metal ions into patients’ blood. Though the FDA quickly took steps to take these products from the market, the damage was irreversible for many.
You’ve Been Injured: What’s Next?
The FDA system is consistent in weeding out many hazardous devices. However, every system is faulty at some point. If you’ve been injured due to the defects of an FDA approved medical device, Arnold & Itkin is ready to help. We focus on hold large companies accountable for failing to test products and, in some cases, releasing them despite knowing of their risks.
Call our defective medical device lawyers now at (888) 493-1629. An initial consultation with our team is free so you can discover what options are available to you.