Lawsuits for Neuropathic Disorders
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Neuropathy—also called peripheral neuropathy—is a group of disorders that occur when the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord (the peripheral nervous system) are damaged. Neuropathy usually causes pain in the hands and feet and is most commonly the result of damage to the nerve axons (also called fibers, the long projections of a nerve cell which conduct electrical impulses). Neuropathy can result from traumatic injuries, exposure to toxins, serious infections, or metabolic disorders.
Neuropathy can be classified in one of three categories:
- Mononeuropathy: A single nerve is involved.
- Multiple Mononeuropathy: Two or more nerves are affected, but individually.
- Polyneuropathy: All peripheral nerves are generally involved in some way.
How Neuropathy Affects Different Nerves
The symptoms of neuropathy depend on the type of nerves affected as well as their location.
- If damage has occurred to a motor nerve, symptoms may include muscle weakness, cramps, and spasms as well as the loss of balance and coordination. Patients may have trouble walking or running, and may easily get tired or fall.
- If damage occurs in a sensory nerve, individuals may experience tingling, numbness, pinching, or pain. They may have difficulties determining their position. Neuropathy affecting sensory nerves can cause extreme pain or can lead to an absence of sensation.
- Neuropathy affecting autonomic nerves can be extremely serious, as autonomic nerves control involuntary functions. Symptoms include abnormal blood pressure and heart rates, bowel and bladder dysfunction, sexual dysfunction, and the loss of the ability to sweat.