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Trucking Injury FAQs

What Is a Commercial Truck?

Is a Semi a Commercial Truck?

According to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), there are several ways in which a vehicle can be defined as a commercial motor vehicle, which is vastly different than a passenger vehicle.

Legally speaking, a commercial motor vehicle is any self-propelled or towed vehicle that is used to transport passengers or property when the vehicle meets one or more of the following guidelines:

  • Transports hazardous material
  • Has GVWR or GVR of 10,001 pounds or more
  • Transports 8 passengers or more for compensation
  • Transports 15 passengers or more without compensation

Categories of Commercial Trucks

Commercial trucks can also be categorized based on their gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) with classes that range from 1 to 8 and are split into light, medium, and heavy duty. Light duty trucks are typically geared more toward passenger vehicle with a GVWR that ranges from 1 to 14,000 pounds across Class 1-3, such as a Toyota Tacoma.

Classes of medium and heavy duty trucks include the following:

  • Class 4 (Medium Duty): GVWR from 14,001 to 16,000 lb. (ex: Ford F-450)
  • Class 5 (Medium Duty): GVWR from 16,001 to 19,500 lb. (ex: International TerraStar)
  • Class 6 (Medium Duty): GVWR from 19,501 to 26,000 lb. (ex: International DuraStar)
  • Class 7 (Heavy Duty): GVWR from 26,001 to 33,000 lb. (ex: GMC C7500)
  • Class 8 (Heavy Duty): GVWR of 33,001 lb. or higher (ex: Freightliner M2 106)

Most commercial tractor-trailers will fall into Class 8.

Examples of Commercial Trucks

There are many types of commercial trucks that you may see out on the road; however, as explained above, they all share the common purpose of being used to further the goals of a business. Although some businesses may choose to use a straightforward pick-up truck, more often than not, commercial trucks are significantly larger and heavier.

Some common types of commercial trucks include:

Notably, some of these vehicles can be operated without a commercial license. For example, box trucks can be rented by anyone who has a regular drivers' license. Since drivers are accustomed to operating large vehicles when they rent a truck, they might be more likely to cause an accident.

Call Our Truck Accident Lawyers for a Free Consultation at (888) 493-1629

A Arnold & Itkin LLP, our firm has earned a reputation for taking on some of the largest trucking companies after preventable accidents and getting the results that clients need. We've recovered billions of dollars for clients by always listening to their needs and refusing to settle for less. When you call our firm, you're turning to a team that will fight for you, no matter how tough the case is.

Contact Arnold & Itkin for further questions or for representation in a truck-related accident injury case!

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  • $8 Billion Top 3 Largest Jury Verdict in U.S. History Arnold & Itkin LLP tried a Risperdal case against Johnson & Johnson for failing to warn about one of the drug’s most damaging side effects: gynecomastia. Our skill, hard work, and dedication resulted in the third-largest jury verdict ever obtained ...
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  • $117 Million Largest Single-Event Personal Injury Verdict in Louisiana History Arnold & Itkin represented a pregnant woman who experienced stomach pain and called Acadian Ambulance. The driver of the ambulance drove the ambulance into the back of a sugar cane truck causing the plaintiff's spine to be severed at T4 and for her ...
  • $116 Million Confidential Settlement Arnold & Itkin LLP negotiated a massive nine figure settlement on behalf of their clients after several years of hard fought litigation.
  • $110 Million Record Settlement Achieved for Victims of Defective Products Arnold & Itkin obtained a record settlement for individuals harmed by defective, dangerous products. The result exemplifies our commitment to clients and justice for those seriously injured by the conduct of others.
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  • $97 Million Massive Settlement Secured for Refinery Workers Arnold & Itkin is proud to share that after months of preparation for trial, our firm was able to secure a huge settlement for clients who were injured in a refinery fire. Find out more now.
  • $92.7 Million Record Settlement for Burn Injury Victim Arnold & Itkin LLP secured a substantial settlement for a man who suffered severe burns in an accident at his job. The settlement set a new record statewide for workers with similar injuries.
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