Commercial Driver's License Requirements
It Takes a Special License to Drive Commercial Vehicles
Commercial trucks require specialized training in order to operate them safely. However, prior to 1986, there were few rules regarding licensing for those who drove large trucks, which is why the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act was signed into law (see more about this below). Currently, to register with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), the first step for a driver is to find their Department of Transportation (DOT) Number and Operating Authority.
An individual who hopes to become a commercial driver will need to compile all of the necessary forms, submit them to the FMCSA, begin a safety assurance program, and then obtain the DOT registration. Some commercial drivers may even need to possess medical certification requirements.
CDL Classes & Endorsements
There are three major types of licenses for commercial drivers along with many different specialized endorsements.
The three major classes of federal commercial drivers' licenses are as follows:
- Class A licenses are for those driving trucks weighing over 26,000 lbs. or towing a vehicle that is at least 10,000 lbs.
- Class B licenses are for those drivers who will be driving vehicles that weigh the same as for Class A licenses (over 26,000 lbs.) but have a towing capacity that cannot exceed 10,000 lbs.
- Class C licenses are for those who do not fit into either category, such as vehicles designed for the transportation of 16 or more passengers or drivers who are transporting hazardous material.
Endorsements are classified by letters. Drivers that possess these letters on their commercial licenses signify that they are qualified to carry out the following functions.
- "T" is for drivers who have completed a knowledge-based test to transport double or triple trailers
- "P" is for those who have passed knowledge and skills tests to transport passengers
- "N" is for those who have passed a knowledge test to drive a tanker vehicle
- "H" stands for hazardous material, which requires a knowledge test only
- "X" is an endorsement for those who drive tank vehicles that carry hazardous materials
- "S" is for those who have passed knowledge and skills test to become school bus drivers
Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act for Safety
One provision of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act is that each state must develop its own standards for trucking companies, as long as those standards comply with federal standards. This is important when it comes to the formulation of knowledge and skills tests. Knowledge tests require that drivers get at least 80% of the answers correct while the skills test requires the successful completion of all the required skills. This is where some drivers try to cheat the system.
Licensing fraud has become a bit of a phenomenon in the trucking world recently. Those who have their licenses revoked for some reason may attempt to fraudulently regain their licenses. The Act clearly states that it is illegal for a driver to possess multiple CDLs. Some drivers may even try to manipulate the knowledge and skills tests so that they can pass. All of these practices constitute negligence both on behalf of the driver and the company for failing to notice the problem.
Want to know more about requirements for obtaining a CDL? Contact Arnold & Itkin today!